Cruise ships come to Salaverry so their passengers can tour the ruins of he old Citadel of Chan Chan in Trujillo. It is the largest adobe city of the ancient world. In 1986, it was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Chan Chan was once the capital of Peru’s largest pre-Inca empire. Now it is reduced to about 5,000 acres of eroded adobe.
The Chimu people were one of three primary cultures developing in the area. They came into dominance around 900 AD and flourished well into the 14th century. It is estimated that at least 100,000 people lived in Chan Chan. But in 1470, the Inca ruler Tupac Inca Yupanqui conquered the Chimu.
We had toured Chan Chan in 2014 (the above photos are from that time) so we did not visit today. Instead, we opted to taxi into the city of Trujillo. The ship provided a shuttle. But we chose to go by taxi with others and paid a total of US $30.00 for the round trip. The driver dropped us off at Plaza de Armas and came back for us 2 hours later. It was about a ½ hour drive each way.
Trujillo was one of the first cities in the Americas. Founded by the Spanish conquistador, Diego de Almagro in 1534, Trujillo had grown to 300 homes and 1,000 inhabitants by 1544 with a booming economy based on sugar cane, wheat, and cattle.
Trujillo is considered the “First Independent City of Peru”. It proclaimed independence from Spain on December 24, 1820. The “Freedom Monument” in Plaza de Armas commemorates the event.