Fremantle was first visited by Dutch explorers in 1697. They mapped the area and sailed up the Swan River. The Captain, Willem de Vlamingh reported to the Dutch authorities that it would be a good place for settlement. No one listened—or cared!!! Not until 1827 when Captain James Stirling of the HMS Success explored the area and submitted his own favorable report. The British listened. And they sent the HMS Challenger, captained by Charles Femantle, to establish the Swan River Colony settlement there. On May 2, 1829, Fremantle hoisted the Union Flag and took formal possession in the name of Britain’s King George IV. But interestingly, Western Australia Day (aka Foundation Day) is observed on the first Monday in June and actually commemorates the arrival of Captain Stirling, aboard the HMS Parmelia. He brought the Surveyor-General and the first contingent of immigrants to set up a colony at the junction of the sea and the river. That was immediately followed by the settlement of the capital city of Perth which began on August 12, 1829. Capt. Fremantle, commanding the HMS Challenger, departed the colony on August 25, 1829. Because of Fremantle’s invaluable assistance, Stirling named the port settlement: Fremantle!!! In case you’re wondering, Perth was named for the city of Perth in Scotland to honor the influence of Stirling’s patron Sir George Murray who had connections with that Scottish city. Perth was established as the administrative center of the area and that explains why it is now the capital of Western Australia!!!
Why don’t we take a look at the photos?!?!
We will now spend seven days churning across the Indian Ocean.